Bermuda Grass (Dog’s tooth grass)

This is a rapidly growing hot climate grass species that lives for many years.  Bermuda grass, which is named as dog’s tooth in our country, is used widely in the Mediterranean climate zone.   
Bermuda grass can grow at any place that reaches temperatures of 20 °C in the average annually.  In case the temperatures drops 5 to 7 °C below this average, above ground organs of the grass starts to turn yellow.  1 gram of its very fine and small seeds contains 3.300-4.000 seeds. It can grow on almost any type of soil.  It develops and grows well in well draining, generously fertilized mid-structured soils.   On the other hand it can also grow on heavy – structured soils and sandy seaside soils as well as growing on alkaline soils with pH balance over 5.5 with excessive acid.

Bermuda grass loves heat and full sun.  It doesn’t like shade.  In shady areas, its texture starts thinning out, it grows tall and weak.  Creating adequately beautiful grass texture can be achieved with only the half amount of a regular irrigation.

During summer, its development and growth speeds up parallel to heat, irrigation and fertilizing.  With extra fertilizer and a good shaping, it offers a very green and leveled grass surface.  It is fertilized 5-10 times a year according to the amount of walking is done over it.  It likes moisture during the time of its development during summer.  With its long lasting life span and firm structure it forms a spectacular grass surface.  It is also strong against short moving. 
During winter, it starts to show a change in color from green to yellow, together with ground temperatures going below 15°C.  This change continues from month of November to mid April at the coast of Mediterranean.  Grass is in state of sleep during this phase.  It doesn’t show any development and growth.  It turns back to green color together with the increase in the weather temperatures.