Sönmez 2001

  • Wheat type for bread.
  • It was developed for dry areas.
  • It tolerates draught well.  
  • It yields more abundantly in areas, which receives lots of rain or with additional irrigation.  
  • It is appropriate for Inner Anatolia and entire passage regions.  
  • Since Bezostaja-1 was used in its improvement plant and seed structure looks similar to the Bezostaja -1 type.  
  • It is rather early according to Bezostaja-1 types, its height is about 10 cm higher and it is more resistant to root diseases.
  • Its productivity on dry land is %20-50 more than Bezostaja-1per decare, and under wet conditions it is almost as successful as Bezostaja-1.    
  • Productivity per decare is between 300-500 kg on dry land, and between 500-750 kg on wetland.
  • Its spikes are white and awnless, it has red and hard seeds and it is in quality of Bezostaja-1.
  • Its hectoliter weight is 76-86 kg, one thousand seeds weight between 36-42 g, protein level is 12-15, energy value is 180-320 and sedimentation value is (Zeleny) 38 - 53 ml.
  • Its height is around 100 cm. It tolerates tilting and winter.
  • It resistant against leaf and flower diseases. It doesn’t get yellow rust; its tolerance to root diseases is high. 
  • It is easy to harvest and thresh.
  • It keeps its seeds well on dry land however, during the years that get lots of rain or when irrigated, its harvesting should not be postponed, if failed it may lose its seeds. 


In Inner Anatolia and Passage / Gate Regions, it is recommended to be planted during the month of October using18-20 kg of seeds per decare.  Number and times to irrigate, amount of fertilizer and time of application must be very well organized according to the level of productivity required.    If no analyses have been done about this subject, recommendation of fertilizing according to expected productivity is as below:  
If the anticipated productivity is between 200-400 kg, 5-8 kg of phosphor (P2O5) is recommended per decare, and if the anticipated productivity is more the recommended amount per decare would be 5-10 kg of Nitrogen (N). In higher productivity amounts, phosphor can be increased by 1kg and nitrogen can be increased by 2 kg over the pure substance for each 100 kg increase of productivity.

Nitrogenous fertilization is recommended to be done in two parts.  The first one should be done in spring and the second one can be applied during the early spiking or seed fattening phases considering the weather conditions.  Since the second fertilization can lead to stress during arid years; it is not recommended.   
Nitrogenous fertilizers to be given in October and towards the end of plant development increase the seed quality.

Except rainfall years, nitrogenous fertilization to be done during the fall together with planting or while entering winter has positive effects on the quality.  Therefore, for high quality fall fertilization can be done. 
Fertilizing to be done towards the beginning of spiking and seed-fattening phases has positive effect on quality as well.  However, if it is not raining and weather is arid; it must be considered that it may have negative effects.    
Therefore the fall fertilizing seems safer.  
If there is possibility of watering, the initial watering must be done as early as possible.